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HOW DOES SOLAR PANEL WORKS ?

The working principle of solar panels is basically to transform the light energy coming from the sun into the useful electrical energy which is consumed by the various electrical appliances. The solar panel comprises many PV (Photovoltaic cells) made up of crystalline semiconductor material most often silicon(si). Silicon is chosen to be the perfect material because it can easily conduct electricity while at the same time it also maintains the electrical imbalance necessarily used to generate the electric field. The cells of the panel comprise both positively and negatively charged semiconductors which are sandwiched together to generate an electric field.

Basic steps can be explained as follows:

  1. 1. When the light energy in the form of photons strikes the surface of the solar panel photo-voltaic cells, it gets absorbed by the cell and releases the free electrons.
  2. 2. These free electrons in the semiconductor material gain the energy and are free to move around carrying an electric current which creates the electric field.
  3. 3. The cells of the solar panel comprises both positively and negatively charged semiconductors which are sandwiched together to create an electric field.
  4. 4. This electric field develops and applies force to drift the electrons in a particular direction towards the conducting plates. This flow of free electrons gives rise to electric current.
  5. 5. This generated electric currents then flows to the solar panel edges and hence to the conducting wires.
  6. 6. The conducting wires then bring the current to the inverters for the transformation purpose.
  7. 7. The inverter converts the dc current generated by the solar panel cell into the ac current required by the power different power consuming appliances.

The generated electricity is now readily available to the power lights, streetlights and various other electric power appliances. GrIndMech Solar provides best knowledge and information at each stage of installation.

Solar panels are also called photovoltaic cells or modules. The cells are made up of crystalline silicon semiconductor material and these cells are arranged in a particular manner called as arrays or grid systems on the surface of the panels where directly the light energy hits and produces power. The detailed structure of the panel describes the arrangement technique of the single solar cell covering the entire surface area of the solar panel. All the cells are connected in series to each other. When these cells are allocated properly in a particular manner, these are termed as arrays. These panels are assumed to be very feasible and durable. It can work very effectively for a very long-time span giving a higher accuracy of working performance and efficiency. It can be very easily installed at the consumer's remote location and generates electricity at one’s end according to the requirement of the house, hospital, shopping malls etc. Nowadays, mostly everybody is going for these power generating techniques at their residential and commercial areas and utilizing its numerous benefits. The large mass of restaurants, hotels, industries, malls are installing these effective panels and according to their demand of power during peak hours, they utilize this way of electricity. The way these panels are installed is that it is kept in such a direction so that it uses maximum of the sun’s energy for its best performance. These panels are available in various sizes of rectangular manner according to the area where it is allocated. In recent times, large spacecraft are designed where these panels are inherently built up, pointing towards the direction of the sun so that it keeps on generating the power required for the machine. Proper installation of these panels at local areas makes it so easy in generation of power and even it is very environmentally friendly causing no emission of harmful gases and not creating any pollution to the air surrounding the commercial and residential areas. GrIndMech services provide a collective benefit of proper installation of these panels and meet the customers demand with efficient panels at the remote locations.